Trees, Woodlands and Forests. A guide for developers and planners Northwest Regional Forestry Framework
Field with wild flowers

Sticky facts

Trees can deliver a whole range of benefits.  Below are some facts about the wide reaching benefits of trees and woodlands, from encouraging customers to spend more money, speeding patient recovery and reducing energy bills.

1Trees can help the economy.

Good health boosts the economy, with the annual cost of ill-health calculated at £2 billion for the Liverpool City Region alone.

Health is Wealth Commission Final Report, Health is Wealth Commission, September 2008:

2Trees can increase revenue.

Shoppers will visit tree-lined commercial districts more often, stay for longer, are willing to pay more for parking and spend 12% more for goods.

Wolf, K.L. 1999. Nature and commerce: human ecology in business districts. In Kollin, C., ed. Building Cities of Green: Proceedings of the 1999 National Urban Forest Conference. Washington, DC: American Forests: 56-59.

3Trees improve productivity.

Desk workers who can see nature from their desks experience 23% less time off sick and reported greater job satisfaction.

Groundwork Thames Valley,

4Trees are a natural air conditioner.

Deciduous trees planted on south and west sides of a property provide shade and can lower air conditioning costs by 10 to 15%.

5Trees can keep you warm.

Evergreens planted to block winter winds can save 3% on heating.

McPherson, E.G.; Simpson, J.R.; Peper, P.J.; Maco, S.E.; Gardner, S.L.; Cozad, S.K.; Xiao, Q. 2005. Midwest community tree guide: benefits, costs, and strategic planting. NA-TP-05-06. Newtown Square, PA: U.S.

6Trees can cool you down.

Increasing tree cover in towns and cities by just 10% can keep surface temperatures at current levels despite climate change.

Adaptation Strategies for Climate Change in the Urban Environment (ASCCUE), Final Report, University of Manchester, 2006. asccue_final_report_national_steering_group.pdf

7Trees can keep you healthy.

Research has shown that green spaces can help reduce the 'health gap' between rich and poor, particularly reducing heart disease and strokes.

Effect of exposure to natural environment on health inqualities: an observational population study, Dr Richard Mitchell PhD and Frank Popham PhD, The Lancet Vol 372

8Trees reduce cases of asthma.

Research has shown that children who live in tree-lined streets have lower rates of asthma.

Gina Schellenbaum Lovasi, James W Quinn, Kathryn M Neckerman, Matthew S Perzanowski, Andrew Rundle, Columbia University, United States: 007.071894v1

9Trees could keep you fit.

A recent study found that people living more than a mile from a park were 27% more likely to be overweight or obese.

10Trees are good for your well-being.

In terms of mental health, seeing trees and green spaces improves people's concentration levels and recovery from mental fatigue, reduces occurrences of aggression and domestic violence, and speeds up recovery times from operations.

Evidence Sheet 2: Mental Health and the Natural Environment by William Bird, Natural England, 2006: of Green Space for Mental Health v1.1.doc

11Trees can increase the value of building plots.

Houses on tree-lined streets routinely sell for 10% more than areas without trees.

Groundwork Thames Valley,